Orthodontics, also known as ontology, is a specialized area of dentistry which deals specifically with the diagnosis, treatment, and correction of malocclusion or misaligned bite patterns and malocclusions. It may also specialize in correcting dental growth, called dentofacial orthopedic surgery. Orthodontics doctors perform many of the procedures used by plastic surgeons for cosmetic reasons, but are not considered a member of the medical team.You may want to check it out Orthodontics for more.
Orthodontics has been criticized for its perceived exploitation of youth and its claims that orthodontics can offer solutions to all of society’s ills. However, in recent years, orthodontics has made great strides in its treatment of cerebral palsy, a debilitating condition that attacks the motor skills of children. In addition, orthodontics has begun to incorporate preventative measures such as regular check-ups with a qualified dentist and the use of mouth guards to correct snoring and other snoring problems.
To participate in an orthodontics program, a resident must meet the following criteria: have a clear sense of vision; have completed the application process and preliminary dental exam; and have passed the mandatory dental surgery resident assessment. Residents are then placed into one of four categories based on their pre-determined needs: Master Plan, Master Surgery, Oral Surgeon, or Forensic Orthodontics. Those accepted into the Master Plan program must be residents of an approved dental surgery program. After completing this program, which often takes two years, an orthodontic specialist is able to take a State Examination for Dental Specialist (SDR) or a National Certificate for Orthodontics and complete his or her training.
Once graduated from an orthodontic program, a dentist may choose to specialize in one of a number of areas, including pediatric dentistry, odontics, endodontics, jaw disorders, facial cosmetic surgery, corrective dental treatment, or orthodontics. Specialty areas require additional training before becoming certified. Some of these areas include orthodontics, prosthodontics, public health, oral surgery, audiology, pediatric dental medicine, speech pathology, dental marketing, orthodontics, maxillofacial surgery, pediatric surgery, orthodontics, and many others. There are even more specialty areas that are continually expanding with more research and development. Residents of an orthodontics program are expected to be experts in their respective field and hold a dental degree as the minimum educational requirement for practicing in this field.